The UN climate negotiations started this week in Warsaw. For the second year in a row, the negotiations coincide with a massive typhoon hitting the Philippines. Last year at Doha, Philippine negotiator Yeb Saño asked, “Please, let Doha be remembered as the place where we found the political will to turn things around.”
The carbon budget is a simple, but very important concept. It is based on the fact that what matters in addressing climate change is not what governments agree to do by 2050, but the total quantity of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Safeguards. Reference levels. Non-carbon benefits. Drivers of deforestation and degradation. Non-market-based approaches. Measuring, reporting and verifying. Results-based finance. Adequate and predictable support. Institutional arrangements.
Forest Peoples Programme’s April 2013 E-Newsletter focusses on safeguards. The E-Newsletter starts by looking at why safeguards matter. Other articles explain and comment on the World Bank’s safeguards review, forest policy and oil palm policy, the failure of safeguards in the Camisea gas project in Peru and examples from the Congo Basin and Cameroon.
Trying to follow the REDD negotiations at the UN level can be a difficult and frustrating process. This short guide aims to show you where the REDD texts are, what the texts mean and which issues are still under discussion.
At the end of last week, the number of credits issued under the Clean Development Mechanism reached one billion. “This exciting milestone is a testament to the expanding use of the CDM,”, according to Christiana Figueres, the UNFCCC’s Executive Secretary.
In August 2012, the melting of the Arctic sea ice broke the previous record, set in 2007. It did so with three weeks of the melting season still to go. In 2012, the ice is melting at a rate of about 100,000 square kilometres per day. Climate change is accelerating.
The Bonn climate talks in May 2012 were the first negotiations under the Durban Platform, agreed at the Conference of Polluters in December 2011. A recent report by Kate Dooley of FERN outlines how the talks on REDD in Bonn developed.
Last year, emissions of carbon dioxide increased by 3.2% to 31.6 billion tonnes, according to figures released by the International Energy Agency. Fatih Birol, IEA’s chief economist told Reuters that, “[T]he trend is perfectly in line with a temperature increase of 6 degrees Celsius (towards the end of this century), which would have devastating consequences for the planet.”
There’s some good news and some bad news, according to UNFCCC Executive Secretary, Christiana Figueres, speaking at a press conference on the opening day of the UN climate meeting in Bonn, yesterday. She started with the bad news, which is pretty devastating. Greenhouse gas emissions last year were the highest ever, according to the International Energy Agency.
This is perhaps not quite everything you wanted to know about REDD, but it covers quite a lot of ground. (With apologies to Woody Allen for the headline.) Recently two organisations have put out very useful information on key areas of the on-going REDD discussions. This post is the first in an occasional series of information posts about the REDD negotiations leading up to Cancun (hence the part 1 in the title).
In Greek mythologoy, the hydra was a serpent with seven heads. When one head was cut off, it grew two more. It was so poisonous that even its breath was deadly.