In his book “Foreclosing the Future”, Bruce Rich notes that one of the lessons of 20 years of the World Bank is “governance first”. Even the best designed projects will fail in the absence of proper institutional and legal capacity.
Anja Bursche has worked as an environmental governance consultant for German Development Cooperation, focusing on the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility from 2011 to 2013. The views and opinions expressed in the guest post are her own and do not reflect the views of the German government.
Earlier this week, Jim Yong Kim, the president of the World Bank and Christine Lagarde, the managing director of the International Monetary Fund spoke about climate change. This was the first time that the two have spoken together in public about climate change.
This week, Global Witness released a new report investigating a land grabbing crisis in Laos and Cambodia. The report looks at two Vietnamese “rubber baron” companies, Hoang Anh Gia Lai (HAGL) and the Vietnam Rubber Group (VRG). Global Witness found that these companies “have leased vast tracts of land for plantations in Laos and Cambodia, with disastrous consequences for local communities and the environment”.
Forest Peoples Programme’s April 2013 E-Newsletter focusses on safeguards. The E-Newsletter starts by looking at why safeguards matter. Other articles explain and comment on the World Bank’s safeguards review, forest policy and oil palm policy, the failure of safeguards in the Camisea gas project in Peru and examples from the Congo Basin and Cameroon.
Despite the criticisms of El Salvador’s REDD readiness process, the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility has accepted El Salvador’s Readiness Preparation Plan. Nevertheless, groups and activists in El Salvador continue to question the process.
On 27 February 2013, Panama’s Indigenous Peoples Coordinating Body, COONAPIP, withdrew from the UN-REDD process in Panama. In a letter announcing the withdrawal, COONAPIP explains that UN-REDD “does not currently offer guarantees for respecting indigenous rights” or “the full and effective participation of the Indigenous Peoples of Panama”.
On 10 February 2013, the Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organisations of Honduras (COPINH) wrote to the World Bank in protest against the REDD readiness process and the implementation of REDD in Honduras. This is the latest in a series of letters protesting about the FCPF’s activities in Honduras.
In August 2012, the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank published a review of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). The review reveals some of the major flaws behind the FCPF and recommends that the World Bank needs to re-think its approach to REDD.
On 8 February 2012, the Indigenous Peoples Confederation of Honduras (CONPAH) wrote a letter to the State Secretary of Natural Resources and Environment, about the lack of consultation relating to the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility in Honduras. Six months later, the problems have still not been resolved.
Civil Society Organisations and Indigenous Peoples’ Organisations have written several letters about the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility process in El Salvador. Recently, researchers Yvette Aguilar, Maritza Erazo and Francisco Soto wrote a summary of the issues raised by REDD schemes in El Salvador.
On 23 May 2012, the Salvadoran National Indigenous Coordinating Council (CCNIS) wrote to Benoît Bosquet, coordinator of the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). The letter demands the rejection of the Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) submitted by El Salvador’s Environment Ministry.