California is currently considering whether to allow REDD credits into its Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32). For several years, there has been a (sometimes heated) debate about this issue, some of which REDD-Monitor has documented.
Air travel has increased rapidly in recent decades, resulting in ever more greenhouse gas emissions from flying. Yet the aviation sector was nowhere to been seen the UN’s Paris Agreement agreed at the end of last year. Instead the UN International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is planning “carbon neutral” growth from 2020. ICAO plans to achieve this largely through carbon offsets.
For the past three years, Timothy Frewer of the University of Sydney has been carrying out his PhD research in Cambodia, looking at the Oddar Meanchey REDD project. REDD-Monitor has written a series of posts about Oddar Meanchey, questioning how the project can sell carbon credits while deforestation continues.
The Mai Ndombe REDD project in the Democratic Republic of Congo covers about 300,000 hectares of forest. Project documents claim that without the project, the forest would be logged, and that communities in the area benefit from the project. A new article by Jutta Kill in the World Rainforest Movement Bulletin questions both of these claims.
A new paper in Conservation Biology starts with the following sentence: “Increasingly, one hears furtive whispers in the halls of conservation: ‘REDD+ is dead; it’s time to cut our losses and move on.’”
“Efficient reduction in carbon emission has … been the raison d’être of REDD+. A hotly debated issue surrounding REDD+ is how much such measures should adhere to social safeguards, address equity concerns and provide other co-benefits beyond carbon storage, such as bio-diversity conservation and poverty alleviation.”
Green Resources is a Norwegian company with plantations in Africa. According to the company, its plantation operations follow, “high international practice for sustainable forest management, ESG [environmental, social and corporate governance] responsibilities and carbon sequestration”.
Carlos Klink, secretary of the climate change unit at Brazil’s environment ministry, recently told Bloomberg that Brazil would use REDD credits generated in the country to meet its own emissions targets. Where does that leave California, which is considering using REDD credits from the Brazilian state of Acre?
On 3 August 2015, US President Barack Obama released an Environmental Protection Agency Clean Power Plan for Existing Power Plants. The aim of the regulation is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from power plants by 32% lower in 2030 compared to 2005.
“Carbon forestry is privatizing, commodifying and financializing the world’s forests, recasting relations between state and market forest landscapes,” says Jesse Ribot, University of Illinois in a review of a new book.