This year sees the 20th anniversary of the Kyoto Protocol. That’s 20 years of wasted time in addressing climate change. Don’t believe me? The graph above shows the Keeling curve – the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere measured at Mauna Loa Observatory. On 22 May 2017, it stood at 410 parts per million.
Almost 4,000 people are currently in Bonn, taking part in the latest UN climate talks. Many of them will have travelled there by aeroplane. Of course, it’s an important meeting. So important that Indonesia felt the need to register 58 people to take part. But reducing emissions from aviation is not on the agenda in Bonn. There is no mention of aviation in the Paris Agreement.
In August 2012, the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank published a review of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). The review revealed some serious problems with the FCPF and the Independent Evaluation Group recommended that the World Bank should re-think its approach to REDD.
Peter Holmgren is Director General of the Centre for International Forestry Research. In January 2017, he was invited to give a keynote presentation at the International Society of Tropical Foresters conference at Yale University. During his presentation, Holmgren announced that REDD has disappeared.
In 2009, Nophea Sasaki and Francis Putz wrote a paper titled, “Critical need for new definitions of ‘forest’ and ‘forest degradation’ in global climate change agreements”. Their concern was that, under current definitions of forests, “great quantities of carbon and other environmental values will be lost when natural forests are severely degraded or replaced by plantations but technically remain ‘forests.’”