NGOs demand that Forest Investment Program in Indonesia is postponed until demands are met

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NGOs demand that Forest Investment Program in Indonesia is postponed until demands are met

On 8 March 2012, the World Bank announced that the Draft Indonesia Forest Investment Plan was posted on the Ministry of Forestry’s website. The 114-page document was posted in English, with a comment period of “a little over two weeks”.

An Indonesian version has now been produced and is available on the Ministry of Forestry website. But the commenting process is far from transparent. Comments are to be sent to an email address. There is no way of knowing who commented, what they said, or whether their comments were incorporated into the final document. Instead, comments received “will be considered by the team to assess the level of relevance”.

The document is part of the World Bank’s Forest Investment Program, which in turn is part of the Bank’s Climate Investment Fund. The document was to be considered for endorsement at the next meeting of the FIP Sub-committee, which takes place on 4 May 2012. However, the final version must be posted on the FIP website four weeks before the meeting if it is to be considered at that meeting.

A group of NGOs based in Indonesia wrote in protest at the poor consultation process. The NGOs are now demanding that the FIP process in Indonesia is postponed until their demands are met.

The correspondence follows:

The correspondence is available in full in Bahasa Indonesia below.


Jakarta,‭ ‬16‭ ‬March‭ ‬2012

To:

Hadi S.‭ ‬Pasaribu
Focal Point FIP Indonesia
Ministry of Forestry‭

David McCauley
CC Program Coordination Unit
Regional and Sustainable Development Department
Asian Development Bank
 
Ancha Srinivasan
Senior Climate Change Specialist
Southeast Asia Regional Department
Asian Development Bank

Michael Brady
Forest Program Manager
IFC

Werner Kornexl
Senior Climate Change Specialist
The World Bank

Gerhard Dieterle
Adviser

Dear Sirs,‭

We,‭ ‬a group‭ ‬from the civil society in Indonesia,‭ ‬would like to thank you for inviting‭ ‬our comments on the draft Forest Investment‭ ‬Plan‭ ‬(under‭ ‬FIP‭) ‬issued by the Multilateral Development Banks‭ (‬Asian Development Bank,‭ ‬World Bank,‭ ‬and IFC‭) ‬together with the Government of Indonesia‭ (‬Ministry of Forestry‭)‬.‭ ‬However,‭ ‬we consider the draft‭ ‬to be far from applying the principles of good governance,‭ ‬democracy and‭ ‬human rights in Indonesia.‭ ‬Our‭ ‬concerns,‭ ‬among others,‭ ‬are‭ ‬as‭ ‬follows:

  1. The‭ ‬FIP draft document that is posted on the Ministry of Forestry website‭ ‬is only available in English,‭ ‬not in the Indonesian language,‭ ‬although the document explicitly claims‭ ‬to be‭ ‬a document of the Republic of Indonesia.‭ ‬Furthermore,‭ ‬the document is only available on the website.‭ ‬This is not acceptable,‭ ‬because‭ ‬such a document should ensure effective participation of the Indonesian people,‭ ‬especially indigenous and local communities living in and around the forests.‭ ‬In addition,‭ ‬the World Bank and‭ ‬the‭ ‬ADB‭’‬s own policies‭ ‬clearly state that public consultation documents should be available in the national and local languages.‭ ‬Therefore,‭ ‬we question the accountability of these documents to all Indonesian people,‭ ‬especially‭ ‬the‭ ‬more than‭ ‬60‭ ‬million indigenous peoples and local communities in and around the forest areas.
  2. Time given to the public to provide their views and opinions is just two weeks.‭ ‬This duration is too short for the public to read a document‭ ‬with‭ ‬over‭ ‬100‭ ‬pages and provide substantial‭ ‬input.‭ ‬This‭ ‬proposed Investment Plan‭ ‬is not serious in involving active participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in and around forest areas,‭ ‬where this program will be executed.
  3. We do not see that public participation has been taken‭ ‬substantially‭ ‬into‭ ‬account‭ ‬during the drafting of this document.‭ The draft does not reflect‭ ‬input from consultations,‭ ‬written inputs,‭ ‬nor input provided by the Community Chamber and NGO Chamber of‭ ‬the‭ ‬National Forestry Council.
  4. This‭ ‬draft investment plan does not contain any concrete contributions that will‭ ‬support the implementation of the‭ ‬national‭ ‬REDD+‭ ‬strategy.‭ ‬Without a clear relationship‭ ‬between the two,‭ ‬this document‭ ‬may disrupt the coordination between state agencies and‭ ‬confuse‭ ‬the orientation of national policies relating to reducing emissions in the forestry sector.

These facts‭ ‬proves‭ ‬that the Asian Development Bank,‭ ‬World Bank,‭ ‬IFC as part of the FIP joint team together with the Government of Indonesia did not seriously consider the input that‭ ‬have previously‭ ‬been submitted by Indonesian Civil Society. ‬Therefore,‭ ‬we urge that:

  1. The‭ ‬document should immediately be translated to‭ ‬Indonesian and local languages‭ (‬based on the location of the planned project site‭)‬.‭
  2. The deadline‎ ‏for the public to‭ ‬comment on the draft should be extended,‭ ‬counting from the date when‭ ‬the draft in Indonesian and local languages‭ ‬​​are made available for public distribution.‭ ‬The duration of this extension should take into consideration the necessary involvement of indigenous and local communities.
  3. There should be space for local communities and indigenous peoples to participate fully,‭ ‬taking into account the special needs of vulnerable groups‭ (‬such as women,‭ ‬children,‭ ‬and elderly‭)‬,‭ ‬and‭ ‬space and opportunities for local communities and indigenous peoples must be created to ensure‭ ‬that input is based on broad participation‭ ‬in discussion of this draft.‭ ‬The process must ensure the international principle of Free,‭ ‬Prior and Informed Consent.
  4. The document‭ ‬should not‭ ‬merely be provided on a website,‭ ‬but also actively‭ ‬seek‭ ‬local community participation through various participation procedures,‭ ‬taking into account the special needs of vulnerable groups,‭ ‬such as women,‭ ‬children and the elderly.
  5. The results of‭ ‬wide and genuine‭ ‬consultation should be a main reference in the entire process of FIP,‭ ‬including the‭ ‬drafting of an Investment Plan.
  6. Considering that FIP claims to be a national document,‭ ‬the FIP draft document should clarify its relation and position with the National Strategy that is being built by SATGAS REDD+.‭

Based on the‭ ‬above,‭ ‬we demand‭ ‬that‭ ‬the process related to‭ ‬the forest investment plan is‭ ‬postponed until there is‭ ‬synchronization with the process of establishing a National‭ ‬REDD+‭ ‬Strategy that can actually guarantee to save the remaining forests of Indonesia and improve governance in the forestry sector.

Signatories‭:
HuMa
debtWATCH Indonesia
BIC
WALHI
Greenpeace Indonesia
ICEL
KPSHK
Sawit Watch
AMAN
ELAW Indonesia

Copies:‭
Chairman SATGAS REDD+‭
Consultant Team‭

Endorsers:

Organizations:
Rainforest Foundation Norway
CNCD-‭ ‬11.11.11,‭ ‬Belgium
11.11.11,‎ ‏Belgium
NGO Forum on ADB,‭ ‬Philippines
Friends of the Earth,‭ ‬United States
Water Initiatives Odisha,‭ ‬India
INSAF,‭ ‬India
Both Ends,‭ ‬Netherlands
Jubilee Australia,‭ ‬Australia
Water and Energy Users‭’ ‬Federation-Nepal‭ (‬WAFED‭)
Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum,‭ ‬Pakistan
Mitra LH Kalteng,‭ ‬Palangkaraya,‭ ‬Kalimantan Tengah
Aliansi Perempuan Sulawesi Tenggara‭ (‬ALPEN SULTRA‭)
Koalisi Rakyat untuk Hak atas Air‭ (‬KruHA‭)‬,‭ ‬Jakarta
YMP Palu 
WALHI Kalteng
Perkumpulan Punan Arung Buana‭
Pusaka,‭ ‬Jakarta
JIKALAHARI,‭ ‬Pakanbaru
Institut Hijau Indonesia,‭ ‬Indonesia

Individuals:
Souparna Lahiri,‭ ‬India‭
‬Rato Dominikus,‭ ‬Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jember
Khalisah Khalid,‭ ‬Indonesia
Julia,‭ ‬Kalimantan


19 March 2012

Dear Mr. Teguh,
WALHI Riau

Thank you for your email dated 16 March 2012, and concern over the Draft Forest Investment Plan Indonesia, published in English and in Bahasa Indonesian.

As we know, to translate a 114-page document takes time for technical terms that are included in the document. An Indonesian version is being prepared and edited by a technical FIP team for accuracy, clarity and simplicity to read, as it has been a concern for you. A period of time will be provided (approximately 2 weeks) to provide comments to be taken into consideration/input, after the draft Forest Investment Plan is uploaded on the Ministry of Forestry’s website.

As is known, the Government of Indonesia and Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) have organized a series of workshops and consultations about FIP for about 18 months, since the scoping mission that was conducted in August 2010. In this process, the documents have been prepared in two languages ​​and have been published on the internet (website of the National Forestry Board and the Ministry of Forestry since June 2011). Please also note that the published draft is the National Investment Plan. Additional and more specific consultations will be performed during the preparation of the detailed design of each project, which will be made after the investment plan is approved, in accordance with your concern about the active involvement of local communities and indigenous peoples in the implementation of activities. Details of the process is already presented in Appendix 2 of the Draft Indonesia Forest Investment Plan. In the FIP program, special attention is given to indigenous people through the mechanism of Special Grants for Indigenous Peoples (Dedicated Grant Mechanisme). To respond to your concern about the results of public consultation and participation by local communities and NGOs, via the National Forestry Council, we submit that it is already contained in the draft document in Chapter 2 Box 1 and Appendix 2. Associated with the National Strategy for REDD +, can we say that the substance of it has been discussed and is in Chapter 2, Chapter 3 and Chapter 6.

Thank you for your understanding. We expect further cooperation and input at the time of participation and involvement of various stakeholders including local communities in this process. We also expect detailed comments on the Draft Indonesia Forest Investment Plan and can be sent via e-mail address () and has been operating since December 2011. Thus we had the opportunity to formally respond to and accommodate input on Forestry Investment Plan for Indonesia.

Thank you for your attention and cooperation.

Joint FIP team of the Government of Indonesia and MDBs


5 April 2012

Dear members of the Joint FIP team,

Thank you for your letter dated 19 March 2012, in which you provide a response to our concern regarding the drafting procedures of the Forest Investment Plan (as we raised in our letter dated 16 March 2012). In this letter, we would like to clarify and re-emphasize some of the issues.

Language, translation and availability

In general, we are disappointed by the letter sent by the Joint FIP Team (Tim Gabungan Pemerintah Indonesia dan MDBs untuk FIP), as we cannot see that the letter adequately answers our concerns. We cannot accept the excuse of limitated time and technical difficulties, as the complexity of the issue and the variety of stakholders are well known and should have been anticipated by the Joint FIP team. This is why there is an absolute need to make the document available in both Indonesian and local languages, in line with the World Bank and ADB’s own internal policies, as quoted below:

In the WB Policy on Access to Information 5 Guiding Principles are stated:

  • Maximizing access to information.
  • Setting out a clear list of exceptions.
  • Safeguarding the deliberative process.
  • Providing clear procedures for making information available.
  • Recognizing requesters’ right to an appeals process.

And in the introduction to this policy, the World Bank states (in point 2):

As the Bank has long recognized, a sound, open access to information policy is fundamental to fulfilling its many roles.

  • As a development finance institution, the Bank strives to be transparent about its projects and programs (particularly with groups affected by its operations), to share its global knowledge and lessons of experience with the widest possible audience, and to enhance the quality of its operations by engaging with a broad range of stakeholders.

In the World Bank’s own translation framework, it is stated that: “Documents, publications, and web content that address country- Region- and project-specific information” should be made available in “National/local languages as appropriate—for example, the national language of a country, local languages used within a country, and/or language(s) understood by the people affected by, or likely to be affected by, a project”.

And in ADB’s current PCP, paragraph 74 emphazises:

“To facilitate dialogue with affected people and other individuals and organizations, information about a public or private sector project or program under preparation (including social and environmental issues) shall be made available to affected people. ADB shall work closely with the borrower or project sponsor to ensure information is provided and feedback on the proposed project design is sought, and that a focal point is designated for regular contact with affected people. This should start early in project preparation, so that the views of affected people can be adequately considered in project design, and continue at each stage of project or program preparation, processing, and implementation. ADB shall ensure that the project’s or program’s design allows for stakeholder feedback during implementation. ADB shall ensure that relevant information about any major change to project scope is also shared with affected people.”

The ADB defines “available to affected people”, as available in an appropriate form, manner, and language and at an accessible location to be understandable to affected people.

This criteria should be a basic prerequisite in all phases of the project, and therefore the relevant documents should have been made available in a language that can be understood by the public, especially local communities that may be affected, before consultations are undertaken. We would also emphasize that the indigenous and local communities in question have the right to accept or reject the project, according to the principles of Free, Prior and Informed Consent.

We are aware that the Forest Investment Plan has recently been made available in Indonesian at your webpage. However, simply posting the document on a web page will not guarantee real involvement of the public and affected communities.

Allow us to draw your attention to Indonesia’s Law No. 14/2008 on Public Disclosure. This law guarantees citizens the right to obtain public information in order to respect human rights and increase public participation in public policy making. Hence, our concern is not only limited to a question of language, but involves a legal right of the public to obtain information regarding relevant projects.

Time available for public comment

We thank you for extending the deadline with another two weeks after the Indonesian version was published on the web page of the Ministry of Forestry. Yet, we would like to reiterate that two weeks are far from sufficient to ensure real consultation and participation, in particular when it comes to the involvement of affected local communities. It should be an absolute requirement to guarantee access to information, rooms for discussion, and possibility for people to reject or accept the project in all phases of planning and implementation.

It has to be said that we have been informed that his program is run by the Joint FIP team, consisting of the MDBs and the government of Indonesia, but the lines of coordination and the respective responsibilities are not clear and open to the public. As a result, the accountability and responsibility of the project is questionable. To limit the channel for communication to an email address () does not reflect the principles of good governance, as it conceals the decision making process and the responsible individuals.

We understand that the preparation of this program has involved consultations in regional and national level with various stakeholders. In the draft FIP document, we can read about the sequence of events and activities conducted, including the role of the National Forestry Council. Nevertheless, we request a deeper analysis of the input provided by the Community Chamber and the NGO Chamber of the National Forestry Council, and the input obtained during the “series of consultation”. Once again we feel the need to emphasize the lack of substantial attention to the input from the two chambers and other substation input on the document.

Coordination between FIP and the National REDD+ Strategy

With regards to the relationship between the FIP and the National REDD+ Strategy, and we have already seen it in the FIP document as well as its explanation. Yet, we would like to question to what extent and how the FIP will concretely contribute to the operationalization and implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy, and how it will influence this process institutionally. If FIP supports the national strategy for reducing emissions of 26%/41%, which concrete steps can FIP take to contribute to reaching this target? We cannot see concrete considerations and calculations in this regard. What we see in this document is a repetition of what the National REDD+ Strategy says about issues such as tenure and community-based forest management, but there is no clear strategy for how to deal with this in practice.

Therefore, once again we would like to stress our request for the Joint Team to:

  1. The document should immediately be translated to Indonesian and local languages (based on the location of the planned project site).
  2. The deadline for the public to comment on the draft should be extended, counting from the date when the draft in Indonesian and local languages are made available for public distribution. The duration of this extension should take into consideration the necessary involvement of indigenous and local communities.
  3. There should be space for local communities and indigenous peoples to participate fully, taking into account the special needs of vulnerable groups (such as women, children, and elderly), and space and opportunities for local communities and indigenous peoples must be created to ensure that input is based on broad participation in discussion of this draft. The process must ensure the international principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent.
  4. The document should not merely be provided on a website, but also actively seek local community participation through various participation procedures, taking into account the special needs of vulnerable groups, such as women, children and the elderly.
  5. The results of wide and genuine consultation should be a main reference in the entire process of FIP, including the drafting of an Investment Plan.
  6. Considering that FIP claims to be a national document, the FIP draft document should clarify its relation and position with the National Strategy that is being built by SATGAS REDD+.

Based on the above, we demand that the process related to the Forest Investment Plan is postponed until there is synchronization with the process of establishing a National REDD+ Strategy that can actually guarantee to save the remaining forests of Indonesia and improve governance in the forestry sector.

Signatories:
1. HuMa
2. debtWATCH Indonesia
3. BIC
4. WALHI
5. Greenpeace Indonesia
6. ICEL
7. KPSHK
8. Sawit Watch
9. AMAN
10. ELAW Indonesia

Endorsers:
Organizations:
Rainforest Foundation Norway
CNCD- 11.11.11, Belgium
11.11.11, Belgium
NGO Forum on ADB, Philippines
Friends of the Earth, United States
Water Initiatives Odisha, India
INSAF, India
Both Ends, Netherlands
Jubilee Australia, Australia
Water and Energy Users’ Federation-Nepal (WAFED)
Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum, Pakistan
Mitra LH Kalteng, Palangkaraya, Kalimantan Tengah
Aliansi Perempuan Sulawesi Tenggara (ALPEN SULTRA)
Koalisi Rakyat untuk Hak atas Air (KruHA), Jakarta
YMP Palu
WALHI Kalteng
Perkumpulan Punan Arung Buana
Pusaka, Jakarta
JIKALAHARI, Pakanbaru
Institut Hijau Indonesia, Indonesia
Institute of Essential Services Reform, Indonesia

Individuals:
Souparna Lahiri, India
Rato Dominikus, Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jember
Khalisah Khalid, Indonesia
Julia, Kalimantan

Copies:
Chairman SATGAS REDD+
Consultant Team


16 Maret 2012

Kepada yang terhormat,
Hadi S.‭ ‬Pasaribu
Focal Point FIP Indonesia
Departemen Kehutanan

David McCauley
CC Program Coordination Unit
Regional and Sustainable Development Department
Asian Development Bank
 
Ancha Srinivasan
Senior Climate Change Specialist
Southeast Asia Regional Department
Asian Development Bank

Michael Brady
Forest Program Manager
IFC

Werner Kornexl
Senior Climate Change Specialist
The World Bank

Gerhard Dieterle
Adviser

Pertama-tama kami dari masyarakat sipil mengucapkan terima kasih telah diundang untuk memberikan komentar atas draft Forest Investment Programme‭ (‬FIP‭) ‬yang dikeluarkan oleh‭ ‬Bank Pembangunan Multilateral‭ (‬Bank Pembangunan Asia,‭ ‬Bank Dunia,‭ ‬dan IFC‭)‬ bersama Pemerintah Indonesia‭ (‬Kementerian Kehutanan‭)‬.‭ ‬Meski demikian,‭ ‬kami menganggap draft tersebut jauh dari upaya untuk menerapkan prinsip-prinsip tata kelola,‭ ‬demokrasi dan hak asasi manusia di Indonesia.‭ ‬Kekecewaan kami antara lain menyangkut beberapa hal berikut:

  1. Dokumen draft FIP yang ditampilkan di situs Departemen Kehutanan‭ ‬tersebut hanya tersedia dalam bahasa Inggris,tidak ada dalam bahasa Indonesia,‭ ‬meskipun dokumen tersebut secara jelas mengklaim sebagai dokumen RepublikIndonesia.‭ ‬Selain itu,‭ ‬dokumen hanya tersedia di website saja.‭ ‬Cara seperti ini tidak dapat diterima,‭ ‬karena seharusnya target dokumen ini‭ ‬adalah partisipasi efektif rakyat Indonesia,‭ ‬terutama masyarakat adat dan komunitaslokal yang hidup di dalam dan sekitar hutan.‭ ‬Selain itu,‭ ‬kebijakan Bank Dunia maupun ADB sendiri secara tegas menyebutkan bahwa dokumen yang dikonsultasikan ke publik harus tersedia dalam bahasa nasional dan atau lokal.‭ ‬Karena itu,‭ ‬kami mempertanyakan akuntabilitas dokumen ini terhadap seluruh rakyat Indonesia terutama lebih dari‭ ‬60‭ ‬juta masyarakat adat dan komunitas lokal di dalam dan sekitar kawasan hutan.
  2. Waktu yang diberikan kepada publik untuk‭ ‬memberikan pandangan dan pendapatnya hanya dua minggu.‭ ‬Durasi ini terlalu singkat bagi publik untuk membaca dokumen setebal lebih dari‭ ‬100‭ ‬halaman,‭ ‬dan memberikan pandangan yang‭ ‬substansial.‭ ‬Hal ini menunjukan‭ ‬FIP tidak serius melibatkan partisipasi aktif dari masyarakat adat dan komunitas lokal di dalam dan sekitar kawasan hutan,‭ ‬tempat dimana program ini nanti akan dijalankan.‭
  3. Kami tidak melihat partisipasi publik selama ini dipertimbangkan secara substansial dalam draft ini.‭ ‬Tidak ada rumusan dalam draft ini yang merujuk pada pandangan‭ ‬publik melalui konsultasi,‭ ‬masukan tertulis,ataupun masukan yang diberikan oleh Kamar Masyarakat dan LSM Dewan Kehutanan Nasional.
  4. Dokumen serta proses pembuatan dokumennya ini tidak secara jelas menggambarkan kontribusi konkrit yang akan dia dukung untuk membuat strategi nasional tewujud dalam kebijakan maupun dalam praktek.‭ ‬Tanpa relasi yang jelas seperti itu,‭ ‬dokumen ini potensial mengacaukan koordinasi antar lembaga‭ ‬negara dan membuat suram orientasi kebijakan nasional terkait upaya pengurangan emisi di sektor kehutanan.

Fakta-fakta ini memperlihatkan‭ ‬Bank Pembangunan Asia,‭ ‬Bank Dunia,‭ ‬dan IFC bersama dengan Pemerintah Indonesia tidak serius memperhatikan masukan-masukan serupa yang berkali-kali disampaikan oleh masyarakat sipil di Indonesia.‭ ‬Karena alasan-alasan diatas,‭ ‬maka kami mendesak agar:

  1. Segera disediakan dokumen dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa lokal berdasarkan letak lokasi proyek yang direncanakan.
  2. Memperpanjang batas waktu kepada publik untuk memberikan pandangannya terhitung sejak tersedianya draft dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan atau bahasa lokal yang disebarkan ke publik.‭ ‬Durasi waktu ini mempertimbangkan keterlibatan masyarakat adat dan komunitas lokal.
  3. Harus ada ruang bagi masyarakat lokal dan masyarakat adat untuk terlibat secara penuh,‭ ‬dengan memperhatikan kebutuhan khusus kelompok rentan‭ (‬seperti perempuan,‭ ‬anak-anak,‭ ‬serta lansia‭)‬.‭ ‬Dimana prosesnya harus‭ ‬menyediakan ruang dan membuka kesempatan bagi masyarakat lokal dan masyarakat adat untuk turut memberikan pendapat dan pandangannya dengan terlibat dalam diskusi atas draft ini.‭ ‬Harus ada jaminan kebebasan tanpa intimidasi bagi mereka untuk menerima atau‭ ‬menolak.‭
  4. Ketersediaan dokumen tidak hanya melalui website,‭ ‬tetapi harus juga secara aktif merengkuh partisipasi masyarakat lokal melalui berbagai prosedur partisipasi.‭ ‬Prosedur ini harus diketahui oleh masyarakat secara luas terutama masyarakat lokal dengan memperhatikan kebutuhan khusus kelompok rentan,‭ ‬seperti perempuan,‭ ‬anak-anak,‭ ‬dan lansia.
  5. Hasil konsultasi dan partisipasi publik yang dilakukan secara luas dan‭ ‬genuine‭ ‬harus menjadi referensi utama dalam seluruh proses FIP,‭ ‬termasuk‭ ‬pembuatan dokumen.
  6. Mengingat FIP mengklaim diri sebagai dokumen nasional,‭ ‬maka dokumen draft FIP ini harus memperjelas relasi dan posisinya dengan Strategi Nasional yang sedang dibangun oleh SATGAS REDD+.

Sehubungan dengan hal-hal diatas maka kami‭ ‬minta,‭ ‬keseluruhan proses yang terkait FIP‭ ‬ditangguhkan‭ ‬sampai terjadinya sinkronisasi yang jelas dengan proses pembentukan Strategi Nasional yang benar-benar bisa menjamin terselamatkannya hutan Indonesia yang tersisa dan adanya perbaikan tata kelola di sektor kehutanan.‭

Tertanda:
HuMa
debtWATCH Indonesia
BIC
WALHI
Greenpeace Indonesia
ICEL
KPSHK
Sawit Watch
AMAN
ELAW Indonesia

Tembusan:
Ketua SATGAS REDD+‭
Tim konsultan

Pendukung:
Lembaga:
Rainforest Foundation Norway
CNCD-‭ ‬11.11.11,‭ ‬Belgium
11.11.11,‎ ‏Belgium
NGO Forum on ADB,‭ ‬Philippines
Friends of the Earth,‭ ‬United States
Water Initiatives Odisha,‭ ‬India
INSAF,‭ ‬India
Both Ends,‭ ‬Netherlands
Jubilee Australia,‭ ‬Australia
Water and Energy Users‭’ ‬Federation-Nepal‭ (‬WAFED‭)
Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum,‭ ‬Pakistan
Mitra LH Kalteng,‭ ‬Palangkaraya,‭ ‬Kalimantan Tengah
Aliansi Perempuan Sulawesi Tenggara‭ (‬ALPEN SULTRA‭)
Koalisi Rakyat untuk Hak atas Air‭ (‬KruHA‭)‬,‭ ‬Jakarta
YMP Palu 
WALHI Kalteng
Perkumpulan Punan Arung Buana‭
Pusaka,‭ ‬Jakarta
JIKALAHARI,‭ ‬Pakanbaru
Institut Hijau Indonesia,‭ ‬Indonesia

Individu:
Souparna Lahiri,‭ ‬India‭
‬Rato Dominikus,‭ ‬Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jember
Khalisah Khalid,‭ ‬Indonesia
Julia,‭ ‬Kalimantan

19 Maret 2012

Kepada Yth. Bapak Teguh
WALHI Riau

Terima Kasih atas emailnya tertanggal 16 Maret 2012 serta perhatiannya atas Draft Rencana Investasi Kehutanan (Forest Investment Plan) Indonesia yang dipublikasikan dalam bahasa Inggris dan tidak dalam Bahasa Indonesia.

Sebagaimana dimaklumi bahwa untuk menerjemahkan dokumen dengan 114 halaman membutuhkan waktu karena hal-hal yang bersifat keteknisan yang terdapat dalam dokumen tersebut. Versi Bahasa Indonesia sedang disiapkan dan diedit kembali oleh tim teknis FIP untuk keakuratan, kejelasan dan kemudahannya untuk dibaca, sebagaimana yang telah menjadi perhatian Anda. Untuk itu akan disediakan waktu (lebih kurang 2 minggu) untuk memberikan komentar guna dijadikan pertimbangan/masukan, sejak waktu draft Rencana Investasi Kehutanan diunggah di situs Kementerian Kehutanan.

Sebagaimana diketahui, bahwa Pemerintah Indonesia dan Multi Development Banks (MDBs) telah menyelenggarakan serangkaian lokakarya dan konsultasi FIP selama lebih kurang 18 bulan, sejak scoping mission dilakukan pada bulan Agustus 2010. Dalam proses ini, dokumen-dokumen yang telah disiapkan dalam 2 bahasa dan telah dipublikasikan di internet (Situs Dewan Kehutanan Nasional dan Kementerian Kehutanan sejak bulan Juni 2011). Perlu juga diketahui bahwa draft yang dipublikasikan merupakan Rencana Investasi Nasional. Konsultasi-konsultasi tambahan dan lebih spesifik akan dilakukan selama penyusunan disain secara rinci untuk masing-masing proyek, yang akan dilakukan setelah rencana investasi tersebut disetujui, sesuai dengan concern Anda tentang keterlibatan aktif masyarakat lokal dan masyarakat adat dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan. Rincian proses dimaksud telah disampaikan pada Lampiran 2 dari Draft Rencana Investasi Kehutanan Indonesia. Dalam program FIP, perhatian khusus diberikan kepada masyarakat adat/indigenous people melalui Mekanisme Hibah Khusus untuk masyarakat adat (Dedicated Grant Mechanisme). Menanggapi concern Anda tentang partisipasi dan hasil konsultasi publik oleh kamar masyarakat dan LSM, Dewan Kehutanan Nasional, kami sampaikan bahwa hal tersebut telah termuat di dalam draft dokumen ini pada Bab 2 Box 1 dan Lampiran 2. Terkait dengan Strategi Nasional REDD+, dapat kami sampaikan bahwa substansi tentang hal tersebut telah dibahas dan terdapat pada Bab 2, Bab 3, dan Bab 6.

Terima kasih atas pengertiannya. Kami mengharapkan kerjasama lebih lanjut dan masukannya pada saat keikutsertaan dan keterlibatan berbagai pihak termasuk masyarakat lokal dalam proses ini. Kami juga mengharapkan komentar secara terperinci atas draft Rencana Investasi Kehutanan Indonesia dan dapat dikirimkan melalui alamat email (indonesia.fip@gmail.com) dan telah beroperasi sejak bulan Desember 2011. Dengan demikian kami dapat berkesempatan menanggapi masukan secara resmi dan mengakomodasikannya pada Rencana Investasi Kehutanan Indonesia.

Atas perhatian dan kerjasamanya kami ucapkan terima kasih.

Tim Gabungan Pemerintah Indonesia dan MDBs untuk FIP

5 April 2012

KepadaYth,

Tim Gabungan Pemerintah Indonesia dan MDBs untuk FIP

Terimakasih atas respon yang diberikan terhadap surat kami tertanggal 16 Maret 2012 yang menanggapi hal-hal prosedural terkait dengan draft Rencana Investasi Kehutanan (FIP). Tetapi ada beberapa hal yang ingin kami klarifikasikan dan tekankan kembali.

Secara umum surat jawaban dari Tim Gabungan Pemerintah Indonesia dan MDBs untuk FIP terkesan basa-basi saja dan tidak menjawab substansi permasalahan yang kami sampaikan. Keterbatasan waktu dan persoalan teknis yang anda sampaikan seharusnya tidak dijadikan alasan karena keberagaman karakteristik, pengetahuan dan kapasitas pemangku kepentingan kehutanan merupakan fakta yang harusnya telah dipertimbangkan Tim Gabungan. Karena itu, keberadaan dokumen dalam bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa lokal adalah bersifat mutlak secara empirik dan logis, maupun sesuai dengan kebjakan Bank Dunia dan ADB sendiri, sebagaimana yang kami kutip di bawah ini;

WB Policy on Access to Information1 menyatakan bahwa ada 5 Guiding Principles:

  • Maximizing access to information.
  • Setting out a clear list of exceptions.
  • Safeguarding the deliberative process.
  • Providing clear procedures for making information available.
  • Recognizing requesters’ right to an appeals process.

Dan masih dalam pembukaan kebijakannya, World Bank menyatakan dalam poin 2:

As the Bank has long recognized, a sound, open access to information policy is fundamental to fulfilling its many roles.

  • As a development finance institution, the Bank strives to be transparent about its projects and programs (particularly with groups affected by its operations), to share its global knowledge and lessons of experience with the widest possible audience, and to enhance the quality of its operations by engaging with a broad range of stakeholders.

Bahkan dalam translation frameworknya, World Bank menyatakan: Documents, publications, and web content that address country- Region- and project-specific information. Harus menyediakan bahasa yang: National/local languages as appropriate–for example, the national language of a country, local languages used within a country, and/or language(s) understood by the people affected by, or likely to be affected by, a project.

Dan menurut PCP ADB yang berlaku saat ini, di paragraf 74 dinyatakan bahwa:

“To facilitate dialogue with affected people and other individuals and organizations, information about a public or private sector project or program under preparation (including social and environmental issues) shall be made available to affected people. ADB shall work closely with the borrower or project sponsor to ensure information is provided and feedback on the proposed project design is sought, and that a focal point is designated for regular contact with affected people. This should start early in project preparation, so that the views of affected people can be adequately considered in project design, and continue at each stage of project or program preparation, processing, and implementation. ADB shall ensure that the project’s or program’s design allows for stakeholder feedback during implementation. ADB shall ensure that relevant information about any major change to project scope is also shared with affected people.”

Jelas bahwa di dalam kebijakan ADB dinyatakan bahwa:
“available to affected people” means available in an appropriate form, manner, and language and at an accessible location to be understandable to affected people.

Hal tersebut harus menjadi prasyarat dasar di semua tahapan proyek, dan ketersediaan dokumen dalam bahasa yang dimengerti masyarakat, terutama masyarakat potensi terkena dampak harus tersedia sebelum proses konsultasi dilaksanakan. Kami juga menenekankan bahwa masyarakat adat dan atau lokal memiliki hak untuk menyepakati atau menolak proyek yang ditawarkan, secara bebas dan tanpa paksaan.

Kami tahu bahwa pada saat ini, dokumen dalam bahasa indonesia sudah tersedia di dalam situs Anda. Akan tetapi ketersediaan dokumen tersebut tetap tidaklah mencerminkan itikad baik dalam proses pelibatan publik terutama masyarakat potensi terkena dampak.

Perlu kami sampaikan disini bahwa Indonesia telah memiliki UU No 14 tahun 2008 tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik memberikan jaminan hukum bagi setiap warga Negara Indonesia untuk memperoleh informasi publik dalam rangka pemenuhan hak asasi manusia dan meningkatkan partisipasi aktif masyarakat dalam proses pengambilan kebijakan publik. Sehingga apa yang kami persoalkan bukan terbatas pada keterbatasan bahasa saja akan tetapi hak publik atas informasi yang berkaitan dengan proyek terkait.

Kedua, mengenai waktu yang diberikan kepada publik untuk memberikan komentar, terima kasih sudah mempertimbangkan untuk membatalkan deadline tanggal 18 Maret dan memperpanjang sampai dengan dua minggu setelah dokumen versi bahasa Indonesia diposting di situs Kementrian Kehutanan. Namun seperti yang sudah kami singgung sebelumnya, durasi waktu dua minggu itupun masih tidak memadai bagi publik, karena tuntutan kami adalah membuat prosedur yang ramah bagi publik dan jelas dapat diakses oleh masyarakat terutama masyarakat yang berpotensi terkena dampak proyek. Jaminan akses informasi, ruang diskusi, maupun ruang bagi masyarakat untuk menyatakan menerima atau menolak dalam setiap tahapan proyek (termasuk dalam proses pembuatan dokumen) adalah SYARAT MUTLAK sebelum penjadwalan penerimaan komentar.

Perlu diperhatikan, pesan yang kami terima adalah bahwa program ini dijalankan oleh Tim Gabungan Pemerintah Indonesia dan MDBs untuk FIP, namun garis koordinasi dan tanggung jawab program ini sangat tidak jelas dan tidak terbuka untuk publik. Hal ini membuat akuntabilitas dan tanggung jawab program menjadi dipertanyakan. Keterbatasan area komunikasi hanya melalui email sama sekali tidak mencerminkan garis tanggung jawab, tanggung gugat, serta itikad baik untuk menjaring publik secara luas.

Kami paham bahwa persiapan program ini telah melewati sejumlah konsultasi yang dilakukan di daerah dan di tingkat nasional dengan berbagai pemangku kepentingan. Kami dapat membaca dalam dokumen draft FIP tersebut, runtutan peristiwa dan kegiatan yang terjadi selama proses penyusunan berlangsung, termasuk peran serta dan yang dilakukan DKN. Tetapi, hal yang kami tuntut adalah analisa lebih lanjut dari masukan yang diberikan oleh Kamar Masyarakat dan Kamar LSM DKN maupun masukan yang diperoleh dari “serial konsultasi” dimaksud. Sekali lagi kami ingin menekankan bahwa substansi masukan kedua kamar maupun masukan lainnya belum menjadi referensi secara substantif dalam dokumen tersebut.

Berkaitan dengan relasi antara FIP dengan Strategi Nasional REDD+, memang kami sudah kami lihat penjabarannya di dokumen FIP. Namun yang kami tanyakan adalah sejauh mana dan bagian mana kontribusi konkrit yang akan diberikan oleh FIP terhadap proses Strategi Nasional yang saat ini sedang berlangsung serta konsekuensi kelembagaannya Seandainya, FIP mendukung Strategi Nasional pengurangan emisi nasional 26% maupun 41%, apa langkah-langkah yang dilakukan FIP yang secara langsung mencapai target tersebut. Kami tidak melihat pertimbangan dan perhitungan tersebut. Yang kami dapati dalam dokumen ini adalah pengulangan substansi Strategi Nasional seperti persoalan tenure, pengelolaan hutan berbasis masyarakat, tanpa langkah-langkah konkrit. Tidak ada yang lebih konkrit dari dokumen ini selain misi investasi Bank Dunia, ADB dan IFC. Kami sulit menemukan apakah semua rencana FIP memang berkontribusi dalam pengurangan emisi sebesar 26% atau 41% atau semata-mata untuk melapangkan jalan investasi karbon di Indonesia.

Karena itu, kami sekali lagi kami tekankan dan desakkan kepada Tim Gabungan Pemerintah Indonesia dan MDBs untuk FIP agar:

  1. Segera disediakan dokumen dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa lokal berdasarkan letak lokasi proyek yang direncanakan.
  2. Memperpanjang batas waktu kepada publik untuk memberikan pandangannya terhitung sejak tersedianya draft dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan atau bahasa lokal yang disebarkan ke publik. Durasi waktu ini mempertimbangkan apakah waktu dua minggu cukup untuk menjamin keterlibatan masyarakat adat dan komunitas lokal.
  3. Harus ada ruang bagi masyarakat lokal dan masyarakat adat untuk terlibat secara penuh, dengan memperhatikan kebutuhan khusus kelompok rentan (seperti perempuan, anak-anak, serta lansia). Dimana prosesnya harus menyediakan ruang dan membuka kesempatan bagi masyarakat lokal dan masyarakat adat untuk turut memberikan pendapat dan pandangannya dengan terlibat dalam diskusi atas draft ini. Harus ada jaminan kebebasan tanpa intimidasi dan atau paksaan bagi mereka untuk menerima atau menolak.
  4. Ketersediaan dokumen tidak hanya melalui website, tetapi harus juga secara aktif merengkuh partisipasi masyarakat lokal melalui berbagai prosedur partisipasi. Prosedur ini harus diketahui oleh masyarakat secara luas terutama masyarakat lokaldengan memperhatikan kebutuhan khusus kelompok rentan, seperti perempuan, anak-anak, dan lansia.
  5. Hasil konsultasi dan partisipasi publik yang dilakukan secara luas dan genuine harus menjadi referensi utama dalam seluruh proses FIP, termasuk pembuatan dokumen.
  6. Mengingat FIP mengklaim diri sebagai dokumen nasional, maka dokumen draft FIP ini harus memperjelas relasi dan posisinya dengan Strategi Nasional yang sedang dibangun oleh SATGAS REDD+.

Sehubungan dengan hal-hal diatas maka kami minta, keseluruhan proses yang terkait FIP ditangguhkan sampai terjadinya sinkronisasi yang jelas dengan proses pembentukan Strategi Nasional yang benar-benar bisa menjamin terselamatkannya hutan Indonesia yang tersisa dan adanya perbaikan tatakelola di sektor kehutanan.

Tertanda:
1. HuMa
2. debtWATCH Indonesia
3. BIC
4. WALHI
5. Greenpeace Indonesia
6. ICEL
7. KPSHK
8. Sawit Watch
9. AMAN
10. ELAW Indonesia

Pendukung:
Lembaga:
Rainforest Foundation Norway
CNCD-‭ ‬11.11.11,‭ ‬Belgium
11.11.11,‎ ‏Belgium
NGO Forum on ADB,‭ ‬Philippines
Friends of the Earth,‭ ‬United States
Water Initiatives Odisha,‭ ‬India
INSAF,‭ ‬India
Both Ends,‭ ‬Netherlands
Jubilee Australia,‭ ‬Australia
Water and Energy Users‭’ ‬Federation-Nepal‭ (‬WAFED‭)
Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum,‭ ‬Pakistan
Mitra LH Kalteng,‭ ‬Palangkaraya,‭ ‬Kalimantan Tengah
Aliansi Perempuan Sulawesi Tenggara‭ (‬ALPEN SULTRA‭)
Koalisi Rakyat untuk Hak atas Air‭ (‬KruHA‭)‬,‭ ‬Jakarta
YMP Palu
WALHI Kalteng
Perkumpulan Punan Arung Buana‭
Pusaka,‭ ‬Jakarta
JIKALAHARI,‭ ‬Pakanbaru
Institut Hijau Indonesia,‭ ‬Indonesia
Institute of Essential Services Reform, Indonesia

Individu:
Souparna Lahiri,‭ ‬India‭
‬Rato Dominikus,‭ ‬Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jember
Khalisah Khalid,‭ ‬Indonesia
Julia,‭ ‬Kalimantan

Tembusan:
Ketua SATGAS REDD+‭
Tim konsultan

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One Comment

  1. so much brag of a safeguards, knowing that those multilateral managers do not even have the basic sensitivity and knowledge to consult.

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