Indigenous Peoples meeting in Cochabamba condemn “predatory REDD forest programs”

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on StumbleUpon

Indigenous Peoples meeting in Cochabamba condemn predatory REDD forest programs

Yesterday was the last day of the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, organised by the Bolivian government in Cochabamba. REDD, CDM, carbon trading and ecological debt were among the hottest issues discussed in Cochabamba. The final declaration on forests rejects REDD.

“We condemn the mechanisms of the neoliberal market, such as the REDD mechanism and its versions REDD+ and REDD++, which are violating the sovereignty of our Peoples and their rights to free, prior and informed consent and self determination,” the declaration states.

Below is a press release from the Indigenous Environmental Network (Espanol abajo):

EARTH DAY IN BOLIVIA: From Copenhagen to Cancun, Indigenous Peoples Vow to Defend the “Rights of Mother Earth”

Condemn Predatory ‘REDD’ Forest Programs

22 April 2010 – Contacts (in Bolivia):
Jihan Gearon, Indigenous Environmental Network: +591 740 28531
Jeff Conant, Global Justice Ecology Project: +591 703 75254

Cochabamba, Bolivia– As Earth Day celebrations commence around the world, Indigenous Peoples from across the Americas are in Cochabamba, Bolivia today to close the historic conference on climate change and the “Rights of Mother Earth” hosted by President Evo Morales. Morales, the only Indigenous Head of State in the world, called this conference in the wake of failed climate talks in Copenhagen. As the world prepares for the next round of talks in Cancún, Mexico, Indigenous Peoples vowed today to push for proposals that keep fossil fuels in the ground, protect Indigenous rights, and reject predatory policies like REDD (Reducing Emissions Through Deforestation & Degradation).

“REDD is branded as a friendly forest conservation program, yet it is backed by big polluters and climate profiteers. We cannot solve this crisis with out addressing the root cause: a fossil fuel economy that disregards the rights of Mother Earth,” said Alberto Saldamando, legal counsel for the International Indian Treaty Council. “President Morales has heard our recommendations on the structural causes of climate change and predatory carbon schemes like REDDs, and will bring our voices to the world stage in Cancún later this year.”

This morning President Morales was joined by representatives of 90 governments and several Heads of State to receive the findings of the conference on topics such as a Climate Tribunal, Climate Debt, just finance for mitigation and adaptation, agriculture, and forests.

The working group on forests held one of the more hotly contested negotiations of the summit, but with the leadership of Indigenous Peoples, a consensus was reached to reject REDD and call for wide-scale grassroots reforestation programs. The final declaration on forests states, “We condemn the mechanisms of the neoliberal market, such as the REDD mechanism and its versions REDD+ and REDD++, which are violating the sovereignty of our Peoples and their rights to free, prior and informed consent and self determination.” The working group on forests also challenged the definition of forests used by the United Nations, which permits plantations and transgenic trees, saying, “Monocultures are not forests.”

“REDD is not a solution to climate change,” said Marlon Santi, President of CONAIE, the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador, the largest Indigenous organization in that country. “REDD has been created by multilateral institutions like the World Bank that routinely violate Indigenous Peoples’ rights and pollute Mother Earth. It is perverse that these institutions are pretending to have the ‘solution’ when they have actually caused the climate crisis. REDD should not be implemented in any country or community.”

“REDD is a predatory program that pretends to save forests and the climate, while backhandedly selling out forests out from under our Indigenous Peoples,” said Tom Goldtooth, Director of the Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN), based in Bemidji, MN. “REDD will encourage continuing pollution and global warming, while displacing those of us least responsible for the crisis, who have been stewards of the forests since time immemorial.”

The declarations forged by the working groups in Cochabamba will be taken to the Cancún summit by President Morales as a counter-proposal to the widely criticized “Copenhagen Accord.” Movements of Indigenous Peoples, trade unions, farmers and environmentalists are also building momentum out of Cochabamba with plans for mass demonstrations in Cancún.


The Indigenous Environmental Network is in Cochabamba for the duration of the Climate Conference (April 20-24). Onsite cell: +591 740 2853

Indigenous Environmental Network: Indigenous Peoples empowering Indigenous Nations and communities towards sustainable livelihoods, demanding environmental justice and maintaining the Sacred Fire of our traditions.


DIA DE LA MADRE TIERRA EN BOLIVIA
De Copenhagen a Cancun, Pueblos Indigenas se Comprometen a Defender a los “Derechos de la Madre Tierra”

Condena los programas depredadores del bosque de REDD

Contactos en Bolivia:
Jihan Gearon, Indigenous Environmental Network: +591 740 28531
Jeff Conant, Global Justice Ecology Project: +591 703 75254
Contactos en Estados Unidos
Clayton-Thomas Mueller +1 218 760 6632

Cochabamba, Bolivia – Mientras las celebraciones del Día de la Madre Tierra comienzan ahora en todo el mundo, los Pueblos Indigenas de todas las Americas estan en Cochabamba, Bolivia. Ahora se cierra la conferencia historica sobre el cambio climatico y los derechos de la madre tierra, que fue patrocinada por el Presidente Evo Morales. Morales, el unico jefe de estado indigena en el mundo, llamó esta conferencia como consecuencia de negociaciones de clima falladas en Copenhague. Como el mundo se prepara para la siguiente ronda de negociaciones en Cancún, México, los pueblos indígenas juraron hoy empujar para las ofertas que mantienen los combustibles fósiles en la tierra, protegen los derechos de los indígenas, y rechazan políticas depredadoras como el REDD.

“REDD es marcado como un programa amistoso de conservación de bosques, pero es apoyado por acaparadores grandes de contaminadores y clima. Nosotros no podemos resolver esta crisis sin analisar la causa primordial: una economía de hidrocarburo que desatiende los derechos de la Madre Tierra,” dijo Alberto Saldamando, un vocero del Consejo Internacional de Tratados Indios.

“El Presidente Evo Morales ha oído nuestras recomendaciones sobre las causas estructurales del cambio de clima y esquemas depredadores de carbón como el REDD, y traerán nuestras voces a la plataforma en Cancún a fin de este año”.

Esta mañana el Presidente Evo Morales estuvo reunido con representantes de 90 gobiernos y varios jefes de estado para recibir las conclusiones de la conferencia en temas como un tribunal del clima, la deuda climatica, finanzas justas para la mitigación y la adaptación, para la agricultura, y para los bosques.

El grupo de trabajo en bosques tuvo uno del los más fuertes debates de la cumbre, pero con el liderazgo de los pueblos indígenas, un consenso fue alcanzado para rechazar al REDD, y hicieron un llamado para lanzar programas de ancho-escala del nivel local de repoblación forestal.

La declaración final de la mesa de bosques dice, “condenamos los mecanismos del mercado neoliberal, como el mecanismo del REDD y sus versiones REDD + y REDD + +, que violan la soberanía de nuestros pueblos y sus derechos de auto determinación”. El grupo de trabajo de bosques también critico la definición de bosques utilizados por las Naciones Unidas, que permite plantaciones y árboles transgénicos, diciendo, “Los monocultivos no son bosques”.

“REDD no es una solución al cambio del clima,” dijo Marlon Santi, el Presidente del CONAIE, la Confederación de Nacionalidades Indígenas de Ecuador, la organización indígena más grande en ese país. “REDD ha sido creado por instituciones multilaterales como el Banco Mundial que viola rutinariamente a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y contamina la Madre Tierra. Es perverso que estas instituciones fingen para tener la ‘solución’ cuando son ellos que realmente causan la crisis del clima. REDD no debe ser aplicado en ningún país o en ningúna comunidad”.

“REDD es un programa depredador que finge salvar los bosques y el clima, al vender de revés bosques fuera de bajo nuestras narises,” dijo Tom Goldtooth, el Director de la Red Ambiental Indígena (IEN por sus siglas en ingles), que esta basada en Bemidji, Minnesota, EEUU. “REDD favorecerá contaminación y calentamiento climático continuo, al desplazar a nosotros que somos los menos responsables de la crisis, nosotros que hemos sido guardianes de los bosques desde que tiempo inmemorial”.

Las declaraciones forjadas por los grupos de trabajo en Cochabamba serán tomadas a la cumbre de Cancún por el Presidente Morales como una contrapropuesta al supuesta “Acuerdo de Copenhague”. Los movimientos de Pueblos Indígenas, los sindicatos, los campesinos y los ecologistas también construyieron un fuerte movimiento desde Cochabamba con planes para demostraciones masivas en Cancún.


La Red Ambiental Indígena está en Cochabamba durante la Conferencia del Clima (20-24 de abril). El cellular es: +591 740 2853

La Red Ambiental Indígena: Los Pueblos indígenas que empoderan a las Naciones Indígenas y las comunidades Indígenas hacia sustentos sostenibles, la justicia y mantener ambientales Justas, y el Fuego Sagrado de nuestras tradiciones.

Bookmark the permalink.

2 Comments

  1. Whilst I have a lot of sympathy for these sentiments we must also be careful not to over simplify the issues or condemn out of hand efforts by western economies to right the wrongs. In the wider department of Cochabamba itself the rate of deforestation is horrendous – not caused in the least by western capitalism but by migrant communities who have been granted settlement rights and continue to practice devastating and totally unsustainable slash and burn methods to clear native forest for agriculture.

    An example of what I believe to be worthy involvement and financial support from the west is project ArBolivia, involving over 1000 smallholders whose representatives are also very actively involved in the talks.

    The project has evolved from international aid programmes sponsored by the Belgian government, and the FAO and now private finance from the UK and the Netherlands.

    In a nutshell the project would not exist without the upfront and ongoing payments from carbon credits sold again to the Belgian government – for all the anger and abuse aimed at the system no-one has yet come up with a way of providing incentives for such communities to plant rather than plunder.

    Under the Arbolivia scheme participating smallholders receive immediate and ongoing regular payments to plant and care for native species on their own land. In addition they get professional farm management training and advice to help improve and sustain income. – In addition to long term revenues from certified timber production investment also pays for badly needed conservation, particular along water courses where erosion through flooding is becoming an annual hazard – 8 people were killed in floods during my visit there in February.

    – at the end of the day there also has to be an incentive for those in the North to support those in the South – in Arbolivia eventual timber profits will be split 50/50 between those who supply their land and labour and those who provide the vital capital to make it all happen.

    Irrespective of what opponents may say – I have shaken hands with my partners in Cochabamba who know and understand the deal.

    However I am very conscious that rural peoples in the developing world are rightly sceptical of western capitalism and big business. For this reason we set up a not-for profit social co-operative enterprise – an industrial and provident society for the benefit of the community – in this case Cochabamba.

    Any profits we make from providing capital for the smallholders will eventually be used for their benefit anyway. However we still need to attract and retain capital – so we award our members/shareholders interest annually, which will of course eat into the profits that we can plough back into the community – but they are getting 50% in the first place plus all the support that ArBolivia can bring along the way so anything else is a pure bonus.

    I have worked in socially responsible investment for 16 years and I don’t know a fairer way to encourage sustainable developing where it is needed using capital from well intentioned ordinary people in the UK.

    If anyone has any better ideas please tell me.

    Of not please JOIN US – http://www.cochabamba.coop

    David Vincent, director, The Cochabamba Project
    (see also http://www.arbolivia.org)

  2. Fortunatelly in the document Submited by Bolivia to the UNFCCC (May 4, 2010) is writen:
    62. Developed country Parties shall provide adequate, predictable and sustained financing, technology and capacity building in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention to enable and support national development needs and voluntary actions to be undertaken by developing country Parties consistent with their national circumstances in the context of reducing emissions from, inter alia, deforestation, forest and land degradation and to increase forest coverage, stabilize forest carbon stocks, enhance carbon sinks through forest conservation, sustainable management of forests, afforestation, reforestation, restoration of degraded ecosystems, improved land use and agriculture practices.
    63. A framework for the delivery of financial resources for forest related actions is hereby established to fund the agreed full incremental costs for the implementation of developing countries’ commitments under Article 4.1 (d) to promote sustainable management; and promote and cooperate in the conservation and enhancement ofsinks and reservoirs of all greenhouse gases, including forests ecosystems.
    64. The following principles and elements will apply to forest related actions and the proposed framework:
    • A fund based mechanism that enables equitable distribution of funds.
    • The framework will not allow for offset mechanisms.
    • It will ensure environmental integrity.
    • It will protect the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, as there is no transfer of rights of carbon ownership to the market.
    • Ensure sovereignty and national as well as local control over forest related activities. These activities must be framed under the national laws and policies.
    • Forest conservation can be funded, including adaptation activities related to forests.
    65. Under the proposed Multilateral Climate Fund established under the COP:
    • A funding window or specialized fund should be established for forest related activities as set out under paragraph 1(b)(iii) of the BAP.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>